Bloom’s Taxonomy – A Parent’s Guide

“Bloom’s Taxonomy” is one of those terms that a parent may not necessarily be familiar with, however, it is very important.  It is a central concept to know how to use it at home in conjunction with learning activities to help your child expand their critical thinking skills.  Critical thinking skills allow a child to thinking independently, find and fix mistakes, solve problems, evaluate alternatives, and reflect on their own beliefs.  It’s not something that can be learned from reading a book or completing a worksheet, however the skills are built through hands-on lessons that build beyond basic rote memorization of facts.

Bloom's taxonomy

Bloom’s Taxonomy provides learning levels to increase higher order thinking skills for children of all ages.  The levels include remember, understand, apply, analyze, evaluate, and create.  The way a parent or teacher talks to a child, engaging them in learning, and activities that they provide for learning should have a basis on Bloom’s Taxonomy.

Remember & Understand

The Remember and Understand levels are where most teachers and parents typically ask questions of their children.  This includes questions that involve who, what, where, when, and why.  Basically, the child just need to memorize the information and then spit it back out on a test.

Apply & Analyze

At the Apply and Analyze levels, as a parent, you can take a basic activity that would require a child to learn basic facts and then add a twist.  For example, you can ask your child to do things like predict what will happen next in a story or to predict what would happen if you made a change to the story.  They could also share if they had to write a sequel to a story, how would it begin?  You can ask them to illustrate a math word problem or draw a scene from their favorite part of a story they are reading.

Evaluate & Create

At the Evaluate and Create levels a child would be asked to debate, work in groups, write reflective summaries about literature, make decisions and challenge situations.  Activities at home that would integrate these activities would be teaching your child how to build a model car or a robot from a kit, have them write and perform a skit based on a topic there are learning in school, come up with their own creative project for the science fair.

Articles to Learn More about Using Bloom’s Taxonomy at Home

  1. Bloom’s Taxonomy:  Critical Thinking Skills for Kids
  2. Parents Can Use Bloom’s Taxonomy to Courage Higher Level Learning in Their Children
  3. Explorations in Math:  Bloom’s Taxonomy

Resources on the Web:  Bloom’s Taxonomy

Article By Laura Ketcham-VanHellemont

Picture By 4nitsirk

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